10 Ubuntu Keyboard Shortcuts To Speed Up Your Workflow

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Quickly Rename Multiple Files In Windows 10 Using Tab Key

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Terminator Bash - How to create shortcut to ... - Ask Ubuntu


How to Rename a File in Ubuntu: Ubuntu Beginners – Ubuntu

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How do I create a Windows shortcut key

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Key official Ubuntu Documentation

Nautilus uses the last. Install webmin on Ubuntu server (12.04 LTS) Webmin is powerful web-based application for administering your Unix based or Windows system. Type a Name to identify the shortcut, and a Command to run an application. Renaming multiple files and/or multiple folders has never been easier! F2 if you want to rename a variable. Is there a shortcut to rename the files which are selected, so that one does not need to move the mouse, right click, select the rename button, etc?

How to install 4K Video Downloader on Linux

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TUTO : How to make a one click Xubuntu desktop launcher from Windows

TUTO : How to make a one click Xubuntu desktop launcher from Windows
Hello everybody !

I recently discovered WSL on my new laptop and now love to use it. I am using Xubuntu (Xfce) and xrdp to get an Ubuntu desktop environnement (see this simple tutorial).

The only unpleasant thing with this solution is that every times you want to use your linux desktop you have to do few steps :
  1. launch xrdp services with sudo on Ubuntu
  2. enter your root password
  3. launch Remote Desktop Connection on Windows with the appropriate computer adress
Ok, it's not a lots of steps but it's a bit annoying to do this every times. So I did some scripts to automatise this process (as shown in the pictures bellow) and I want to share my solution. I'm not a system expert, so my solution may not be the best, but it works well anyway.

Launch xubuntu desktop button

Launched Desktop

If you want to implement this launch button, just follow this tutorial (sorry if bad english, i'm not a native english speaker) :

First of all, I assume that you already have a working Xfce environnement on Ubuntu on Windows and that you use the Remote Desktop Connection. If not, you can just see the tutorial in the link I gave at the begining of this post.
In this tutorial you will have to create several scripts. You can obviously save the scripts in differents folder or with different name than mine, but then don't forget to changes all the paths given in the scripts.
Obvious tutorial instruction : each occurence of "YourUserName" have to be replace by your own user name.


On your linux environnement, create a new script, type in your terminal :
nano ~/.Server_Xfce.sh 
then, enter :
##Launch server sudo sed -i 's/port=3389/port=3390/g' /etc/xrdp/xrdp.ini sudo service xrdp restart #start or restart xrdp session 
Save it with ctrl+x and enter.
Gave to this script excution right, type in your terminal :
chmod +x ~/.Server_Xfce.sh 
Server_Xfce.sh is a safe script that launch the xrdp session but that need password to run, we don't want this. So type in your terminal :
sudo visudo 
enter your root password, then add this line using your own username to the file and save it.
YourUserName ALL = NOPASSWD: /home/YourUserName/.Server_Xfce.sh 
For me, this file look like this :
# # This file MUST be edited with the 'visudo' command as root. # # Please consider adding local content in /etc/sudoers.d/ instead of # directly modifying this file. # # See the man page for details on how to write a sudoers file. # Defaults env_reset Defaults mail_badpass Defaults secure_path="/uslocal/sbin:/uslocal/bin:/ussbin:/usbin:/sbin:/bin:/snap/bin" # Host alias specification # User alias specification # Cmnd alias specification # User privilege specification root ALL=(ALL:ALL) ALL # Members of the admin group may gain root privileges %admin ALL=(ALL) ALL # Allow members of group sudo to execute any command %sudo ALL=(ALL:ALL) ALL azerus ALL = NOPASSWD: /home/azerus/.Server_Xfce.sh # See sudoers(5) for more information on "#include" directives: #includedir /etc/sudoers.d 


(I think it's possible to do this step differently using instead environnement variable shared between windows and linux, if you are brave enought to try.)
Always in your linux environnement, type in your terminal :
mkdir ~/.Winbuntu_va nano ~/.Winbuntu_va.winbuntuVar.pipe 
then, enter :
LaunchServer 0 
and save it.
let's create a new script, type in your terminal :
nano ~/.getWinbuntu.sh 
Write in it, with your own user name :
sed -nr "/^\s*$1\s+.*$/p" /home/YourUserName/.Winbuntu_va.winbuntuVar.pipe | cut -d ' ' -f2 
and save it.
let's create an other script in linux, type in your terminal :
nano ~/.setWinbuntu.sh 
write in it, with your own user name :
if [ $# -eq 1 ]; then sed -ri "/^\s*$1\s+.*$/d" /home/YourUserName/.Winbuntu_va.winbuntuVar.pipe else if [ "$(/home/YourUserName/.getWinbuntu.sh $1)" = "" ]; then echo $1' '$2 >> /home/YourUserName/.Winbuntu_va.winbuntuVar.pipe else sed -ri "s/^$1 .*$/$1 $2/g" /home/YourUserName/.Winbuntu_va.winbuntuVar.pipe fi fi 
and save it.
lastly, we have to give this scripts excution right, enter in your terminal :
chmod +x ~/.getWinbuntu.sh chmod +x ~/.setWinbuntu.sh 


Open your bashrc file, type in your terminal :
nano ~/.bashrc 
and add the end of this file, with your own user name :
##Launch server xrdp if needed if [ "$(/home/YourUserName/.getWinbuntu.sh LaunchServer)" = 1 ]; then echo Launching xrdp server ... sudo /home/YourUserName/.Server_Xfce.sh /home/YourUserName/.setWinbuntu.sh LaunchServer 0 fi 
save it.
You can close the terminal, we're done with linux scripting.


Start by creating a folder in your Windows environnement. You can create it anywhere you want, keep in mind that you won't be able to move it or rename it afterwards (or you'll have to update some paths). I'll refer to this folder as "launcherFolder" in the nexts steps.

Launch mstsc.exe and show options.
Enter in the computer field.
Put the display cursor to fullscreen.
Save your connection parameters in launcherFolder with the name : "connection_setting.rdp"
Do not start the connection, just close mstsc.
Open bloc-notes
Write in it, with your own launcherFolder path and your own user name :
::Tell Ubuntu to launch xrdp ubuntu run /home/YourUserName/.setWinbuntu.sh LaunchServer 1 start ubuntu ::temporize executions :TEMPO timeout /t 2 for /f %%i in ('ubuntu run /home/YourUserName/.getWinbuntu.sh LaunchServer') do set xrdpReady = %%i if "%xrdpReady%" == "1" goto TEMPO ::Connect to the desktop start mstsc "launcherFolderPath\connection_setting.rdp 
And save it as Ubuntu_Desktop_Connection.bat in launcherFolder
Create a shortcut to this bat file.
You can change the icon of the shortcut and rename it.

If you did everything right, you should be able to launch your Ubuntu desktop with this short cut.

OPTIONAL STEP : Pin the shortcut to the start menu

Move your shortcut to "C:\ProgramData\Microsoft\Windows\Start Menu\Programs\Accessories"
Then, search for your shortcut in the taskbar using the name you gave to it.

(Yes, my desktop wallpaper change automatically)
Right click on it and pin it ! (see the first picture of this post to see the result)


One good thing with windows 10 is that you can have multiple desktop and use it to change quickly between Windows and Ubuntu. But the key combinations (like windows+ctrl+left or right) are not send to Windows.
I know 2 solutions :
Solution 1 :
If you have a multitouch touchpad you can switch between windows desktops by slidding with 4 fingers !

Switching between Windows and Ubuntu (yes i like to show my different wallpapers)
Or solution 2 :
See the autohotkay solution there : https://superuser.com/questions/1046767/windows-10-switch-virtual-deskop-while-in-fullscreen-remote-desktop

I hope this tutorial will help some of you !
Feel free to ask question, propose others solutions, adapt the solution for other distributions, or comment.

Thomas Debeuret
submitted by TDebeuret to bashonubuntuonwindows

Big Thanks to Coolstar, MrChromebox, and ReddestDream with UEFI Firmware on My Dell Chromebook 13 Running with Windows 10 Pro and Linux Mint 18

I wanted to give a big thank you very much to Coolstar, MrChromebox, and ReddestDream (as well as everyone else in the community)!
I've upgraded my Dell Chromebook 13's (i3/4GB) SSD to a 256 GB MyDigitial SuperBoot Drive and flashed the UEFI firmware (and its multiple updates).
I'm now dual booting Windows 10 Pro and Linux Mint 18. I'm hoping to eventually triple boot by getting macOS (OS X) installed and fully functional when the accelerated graphics and trackpad drivers are stable/available, as well as replacing the Intel WiFi/Bluetooth module with a known good Broadcom one.
For anyone else's benefit, I've pasted my notes below that describes some of the issues I've experienced and links I've found that helped me resolve most of them.
Thank you again!

Installed Coolstar's UEFI Firmware

cd ~; curl -L -O https://coolstar.org/chromebook/setup-firmware.sh; sudo bash setup-firmware.sh
MrChromebox's firmware flashing script, run from Linux:
cd; curl -L -O http://mrchromebox.tech/firmware-util.sh && sudo bash firmware-util.sh
Commands to flash firmware with original firmware to restore Chromebook:
flashrom --wp-disable flashrom -w filename.rom

Installed Windows 10 Pro

Installed Linux Mint 18

Because it is available via PPA, installing Grub Customizer 4.0.6 on the listed Ubuntu, Linux Mint And Elementary OS systems is easy. All you have to do is add the ppa to your system, update the local repository index and install the grub-customizer package. Like this:
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:danielrichter2007/grub-customizer sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get install grub-customizer
Optional, to remove grub-customizer, do:
sudo apt-get remove grub-customizer
Or, if you want to uninstall grub-customizer, disable the recently added PPA and downgrade all the packages that got updated via the PPA, do:
sudo apt-get install ppa-purge sudo ppa-purge ppa:danielrichter2007/grub-customizer
opened terminal...
[email protected] ~ $ ls /sys/class/backlight/ acpi_video0 intel_backlight [email protected] ~ $
to confirm graphics card is Intel
then I created following configuration file, after checking it does not exist:
ls /usshare/X11/xorg.conf.d # file does not exist
so create new file...
sudo touch /usshare/X11/xorg.conf.d/20-intel.conf
then I edited this file using gedit ... (is it ok to use gedit?)
sudo gedit /usshare/X11/xorg.conf.d/20-intel.conf
Added the following lines to this file:
Section "Device" Identifier "card0" Driver "intel" Option "Backlight" "intel_backlight" BusID "PCI:0:2:0" EndSection
Saved it and reboot.
sudo apt-get install --install-recommends xserver-xorg-lts-utopic libqt5gui5 libgles1-mesa-lts-utopic libgles2-mesa-lts-utopic libgl1-mesa-glx-lts-utopic libgl1-mesa-glx-lts-utopic:i386 libglapi-mesa-lts-utopic:i386 libegl1-mesa-drivers-lts-utopic
  • Also installed Chrome for Linux by following the same link above:
wget -q -O - https://dl-ssl.google.com/linux/linux_signing_key.pub | sudo apt-key add - sudo sh -c 'echo "deb http://dl.google.com/linux/chrome/deb/ stable main" >> /etc/apt/sources.list.d/google.list' sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get install google-chrome-stable

WiFi Issues

sudo systemctl restart network-manager.service
Re: Mint 18, Wilreles issues (again), booting from "suspend" mode Postby JeremyB » Wed Aug 24, 2016 5:36 am
You may have to replace gedit with xed
sudo -H gedit /etc/systemd/system/root-resume.service
Put the following in the file
``` [Unit] Description=Turn off wlan power management After=suspend.target
[Service] Type=simple ExecStartPre= /bin/sleep 10 ExecStart= /sbin/iwconfig wlp4s1 power off
[Install] WantedBy=suspend.target ```
Save and exit text editor
sudo systemctl enable root-resume
It should be fine

Enabling the trackpad

  • Resolved with Telegram conversation with ReddestDream
    • Added acpi_osi=Linux in the kernel parameters section of the boot loader
    • My kernel parameters line is quiet splash acpi_osi=Linux
    • After rebooting the trackpad worked as expected

Additional trackpad driver information

The Pixel 2 has an ATMEL touchpad. By default, Ubuntu will be using a Synaptics driver for this device. The linux-samus repo also contains a script with some improvements for the touchpad.
However, neither of these help as much as @hugegreenbug’s xf86-input-cmt drivers which were ported from ChromiumOS. There is a PPA; unfortunately, for 16.04 Xenial, we’re gonna have to roll our sleeves up and compile it.
xf86-input-cmt depends on two other packages, libevdev and libgestures. We’ll have to compile both of those as well. Make sure that you’ve installed sudo apt-get install build-essential first!
Compile libevdevc
This one is probably the simplest, in terms of dependencies.
``` git clone https://github.com/hugegreenbug/libevdevc.git cd libevdevc
make sudo make install ```
Compile libgestures
This library will require you to install some packages first.
``` sudo apt-get install libjsoncpp-dev libglib2.0-dev
git clone https://github.com/hugegreenbug/libgestures.git cd libgestures
make sudo make install ```
Compile xf86-input-cmt
Similarly, xf86-input-cmt has a unique dependency, this time on the X11 xorg_lib.
``` sudo apt-get install xorg-dev libx11-dev
git clone https://github.com/hugegreenbug/xf86-input-cmt.git cd xf86-input-cmt
./configure --prefix=/usr make sudo make install ```
Disable Synaptics Driver
This step is perhaps the most important. If Synaptics driver is enabled, our new driver code won’t have any effect. To disable the Synaptics drivers, we want to rename the 50-synaptics.conf to anything that doesn’t end in .conf. This file is located in /usshare/X11/xorg.conf.d. You can also simply delete the .conf file. Your call.
Copy New Config Files
Now we need to copy over the new device configuration files for the xf86-input-cmt driver. These files come in the xf86-input-cmt/xorg-conf folder. We are going to be installing them the same /usshare/X11/xorg.conf.d folder as where the Synaptics driver was. Assuming you are already in that destination directory, the installation instructions would be something like:
cp /path/to/xf86-input-cmt/xorg-conf/20-mouse.conf 20-mouse.conf cp /path/to/xf86-input-cmt/xorg-conf/40-touchpad.conf 40-touchpad.conf cp /path/to/xf86-input-cmt/xorg-conf/50-touchpad-cmt-samus.conf 50-touchpad.conf
Now, after a reboot, Ubuntu should begin using the provided driver instead of Synaptics. You’ll notice a reduction in unresponsive behaviour and unwanted cursor jumps.
Section "InputClass" Identifier "touchpad lulu synaptics" MatchIsTouchpad "on" MatchDevicePath "/dev/input/event*" MatchProduct "SYNA" Option "Integrated Touchpad" "1" Option "Touchpad Stack Version" "2" # Pressure calibration results: # Probe Diameter Measured Expected Calibrated # 0 3.90 39.31 11.95 7.78 # 1 5.70 40.03 25.52 10.43 # 2 7.70 50.45 46.57 48.76 # 3 9.90 58.97 76.98 80.13 # 4 11.70 70.19 107.51 121.41 # 5 13.90 80.38 151.75 158.90 # 6 17.80 120.61 248.85 306.98 Option "Pressure Calibration Offset" "-136.896426947" Option "Pressure Calibration Slope" "3.68015979309" Option "Palm Pressure" "300.0" Option "Max Allowed Pressure Change Per Sec" "1250.0" Option "Max Hysteresis Pressure Per Sec" "1000.0" EndSection

Resources for getting the keyboard backlight to work in Linux

Chromebook Keyboard backlight driver for Linux 3.x. / 4.1.x
Since the newest Linux Kernel(3.12) ships with Chromebook Pixel support, both touchscreen and touchpad all work fine, but kernel doesn't include the keyboard backlight driver. So I pick the driver form https://github.com/brocktice/pixel_linux and make it standalone, easy to use.
Thanks to brocktice DaveM
  • Google Chromebook Pixel, Toshiba Chromebook 2 (2015) (Gandof) or Dell Chromebook 13 (Lulu) with Linux installed.
  • Build toolchains.
Known issue
If we register the keyboard backlight device as backlight to Linux system, Gnome will be confused with LCD backlight and Keyboard backlight, In system setting panel, display brightness adjust will be operated on Keyboard Backlight. So, we register it as leds devices to system to make Gnome happy.
How to install
Clone the code
if you want the keyboard backlight works like an backlight then edit pixel_kb_backlight.c


define DEVICE_NAME "chromeos-keyboard-backlight"


define DEVICE_NAME "chromeos-keyboard-leds"


Change these and the driver will act as backlight or leds.
Build with:
You will get 3 drivers: chromeos_keyboard_bl.ko #backlight class driver chromeos_keyboard_leds.ko #leds class driver chromebook_kb_backlight.ko #keyboard backlight device driver
Now, you can load the drivers:
if you choose backlight
sudo insmod chromeos_keyboard_bl.ko sudo insmod chromebook_kb_backlight.ko
if you choose leds
sudo insmod chromeos_keyboard_leds.ko sudo insmod chromebook_kb_backlight.ko
OK, check whether the drivers load successfully:
if you choose backlight
ls /sys/class/backlight
if you choose leds
ls /sys/class/leds
If you can see keyboard_backlight or chromeos::kbd_backlight from ls output, It works!
How to use
I have put a helper shell script to adjust the backlight level You need edit the script if you choose backlight, to use the correct path

turn on the backlight

sudo ./keyboard_brightness.sh on

turn off the backlight

sudo ./keyboard_brightness.sh off

turn up

sudo ./keyboard_brightness.sh up

turn down

sudo ./keyboard_brightness.sh down ```
For leds as sample:
Make it load automatically while system boot
I install Ubuntu 13.10 with Linux kernel 3.12.0-031200-generic, so I do the following:

copy our drivers to the kernel's modules dir

sudo cp chromeos_keyboard_leds.ko /lib/modules/3.12.0-031200-generic/ sudo cp chromebook_kb_backlight.ko /lib/modules/3.12.0-031200-generic/

tell system we have new modules

sudo depmod -a sudo modprobe module ```
then edit /etc/modules and add two lines:
chromeos_keyboard_leds chromebook_kb_backlight
Just reboot the laptop, the keyboard backlight driver will load automatically.

Resources for reassigning media keys and regaining Chromebook keyboard functionality:

Remap Volume and Brightness Keys
The top row of keys all have a specific purpose and directly map to F1, F2, etc on a regular keyboard, they are merely obscured here. Once your Linux environment is installed some of these keys won’t work, namely the volume and screen brightness controls. To fix this open the keyboard application and select the Application Shortcuts tab. Add a new command for each key you want to map as shown below then choose the corresponding key.
amixer set Master 10%+ (Volume up key/ F10) amixer set Master 10%- (Volume down key/ F9) amixer set Master toggle (mute key/ F8) brightness down (small sun key/ F6) brightness up (large sun key/ F7)

Resources for Logitech Trackball customization

Power management

General application information

submitted by doctorsc to chrultrabook